GemPro

(Cinnamon) Roll-ing along with Wheat Proteins

Deciding which ingredient to choose when formulating a new product or optimizing an existing one can be overwhelming. We understand that it can be difficult to decide which protein to use in a muffin versus a whole wheat bread and are here as a resource to guide you in selecting wheat proteins for your latest project.  

Working on the applications side of ingredient development is similar to being a detective.  We’re always on the hunt for what’s on the horizon and how we can apply our ingredients to fit within upcoming trends.  Other times we take one product and develop multiple formulations, each utilizing a different protein, gluten, or starch.  Today we will be examining one of my favorite baked goods to both make and eat - a cinnamon roll.  Being a rich dough, processing cinnamon rolls is different than loaves of white pan bread. Rich formulations come with their own set of challenges and difficulties, but that’s where we come in to help.

Sheeting of cinnamon roll dough is one of the most important processing steps, but also one of the most challenging.  If your dough is too relaxed or weak, it’ll tear on the rolls. But if it’s too elastic and stiff, the final product will be more bread than smear.  We can’t have that!

If you’re experiencing problems at the sheeting stage, I would recommend using GemPro Extend at 1-2% on flour weight.  GemPro Extend is a variation of our traditional vital wheat gluten but Extend allows for extra extensibility within your dough.  It will provide strength to prevent tearing, while allowing the dough to relax and flow to your desired thickness.

Maybe you’re looking to reduce cost within the formulation and egg replacement is the path you’re headed down.  Take a look at using GemPro 4400 as a one to one replacement egg based on solids.  In this instance eggs are providing tenderness to the final product as well as acting as an emulsifier for all the extra fat in the formulation.  A benefit for replacement with wheat protein is within the protein’s ability to bind water.  They keep the product moist which is especially helpful in the case of refrigerated and frozen doughs. 

A third formulation utilizes our wheat starch, GemGel 100, within the cinnamon roll icing.  Wheat starch adds a little bit of body to help it flow and hold onto the roll better, keeping a smooth texture without getting too thick.  It also adds some shine and brightness to help make the product look even more inviting and indulgent.

If you’re curious about how you can reformulate to receive the benefits of our GemPro Proteins, reach out to us at info@manildrausa.com. We would be happy to ideate and innovate alongside you.  


Boost Protein with GemPro® Ultra

According to an article from Snack Food & Wholesale Bakery magazine1, busy lifestyles are pushing consumers to choose snacks over a traditional meal.  However, they desire these treats to offer more nutritional value than traditional snacks; specifically, they’re looking for protein.  GemPro® Ultra can fill that gap.  As a water-soluble, lightly hydrolyzed wheat protein isolate, GemPro Ultra boasts a protein content of 90% and can be used in a wide range of applications from baked goods to beverages to bars. 

Testing has found that GemPro Ultra possesses the ability to act as a reducing agent in dough products: shortening mix times, increasing extensibility, and assisting with pan flow.  It was shown that using 1% GemPro Ultra relative to flour weight will give a 10% reduction in dough mix times.  If developers are looking to fortify protein in a cookie, GemPro Ultra can be used at levels up to 80% relative to the flour weight in a formulation without requiring the addition of more water. The final product is a chewy yet nutritious cookie that is as indulgent as it is healthy. 

For beverage and nutrition formulations, GemPro Ultra has a higher glutamine content than other protein isolates such as soy and whey proteins. Glutamine aids in quicker muscle recovery following intense exercise making GemPro Ultra a good choice for nutritional beverages.  It can easily dry blend into a mix or be hydrated in a ready-to-drink beverage depending on the end use.

If GemPro Ultra is the protein solution you’ve been looking for, we would be thrilled to partner with you to enhance your development process. Contact info@manildrausa.com for the full technical report on GemPro Ultra or to visit about your specific application needs.

Application Ideas for GemPro Ultra:
  • Bakery Products
    • Breads, Rolls, and Bagels
    • Flat Breads and Flour Tortillas
    • Cookies and snacks
  • Nutritional Products
    • Ready-to-Drink Beverages and Powdered Beverage Mixes
    • Nutrition Bars
  1. Kvidahl, M. 2015. “Fortifying healthy snacks and baked goods with protein.” Snack Food and Wholesale Bakery. Available from: http://www.snackandbakery.com/articles/88313-fortifying-healthy-snacks-and-baked-goods-with-protein. Web. Accessed on: 14 Aug. 2017.


Bread with Seeds+Wheat Protein=Better Volume and Texture

Deciding which ingredient to choose when formulating a new product or optimizing an existing one can be overwhelming. We understand that it can be difficult to decide which protein to use in a muffin versus a whole wheat bread and are here as a resource to guide you in selecting wheat proteins for your latest project.   

When talking to customers about adding protein to products, let’s say it’s bread, a particular image comes to my mind. 

With each percent increase it’s like adding another block to the pyramid.  How many more blocks can be added until the whole thing comes tumbling down?  How much protein can be added before the product is no longer appealing and manageable? 

This mental image illustrates why many developers may be wary about formulating with protein.  It’s an intimidating beast to tackle.  And that’s why we are here to help.  This beast is what we tackle every day, providing us with the knowledge to share to make adding protein more manageable and friendly. 

Adding protein to a bread formulation requires a delicate balance between protein, palatability, and processing. A combination of proteins is typically a great option to achieve the right structure with the best eating quality.

Our Super Seedy Bread features both our, GemPro HPG and Gem of the West Vital Wheat Gluten.  Using the two in combination allowed us to achieve the right balance of protein and strength.  With the addition of particulates, in this case seeds, the gluten matrix needed to be fortified with GemPro HPG to account for the extra disruption during mixing.  Our GemPro HPG is a more concentrated form of gluten with 90% protein instead of the typical 75%.  After making our traditional vital wheat gluten, we put it through an extra washing step to further purify the protein.   

The current formulation is mixed as a straight dough but could be altered to be used as a sponge and dough.  If doing so, we recommend adding the GemPro HPG to the sponge side so it has a longer fermentation time to hydrate and maintain functionality. 

Super Seedy Bread - Featured Product: Gem of the West VWG & GemPro HPG

Bakers Percentage

Ingredient

Batch Weight (g)

100.0

Whole Wheat Flour

500.0

79.0

Water

395.0

3.0

Yeast

15.0

6.0

Gem of the West VWG

30.0

3.0

GemPro HPG

15.0

9.0

Granulated Sugar

45.0

3.0

Salt

15.0

2.0

Soybean Oil

10.0

5.0

Molasses

25.0

0.01

Ascorbic Acid

0.05

8.0

Rye Flour

40.0

2.5

Sesame Seed

12.5

6.0

Flax Seed

30.0

9.0

Sunflower Seed

45.0

Procedure:

  1. Mix all ingredients for 1 minute on 1st speed.
  2. Mix on 2nd speed for 8 minutes or until full gluten development.
  3. Let the dough rest for 10 minutes.
  4. Scale to 700g pieces and round to degas
  5. Let rest for 10 minutes.
  6. Mould and place in cottage pan.
  7. Proof for 50 minutes.
  8. Bake for 22 minutes at 400oF.

 

As you formulate your new product, reach out to Manildra to learn how wheat proteins can enhance the texture, nutrition, and rheology.


Improving Tortilla Quality with Wheat Protein

Tortillas: A portable lunch option. A nutritious “edible food packaging” that also opens doors to unique texture, flavor, and color enhancements.  A versatile food that allows you to fold, fill, and enjoy an infinite number of flavor combinations. To make a great tortilla the dough needs to be extensible for pressing while the finished tortilla maintains flexibility over time. Tortillas should be smooth and flexible, yet strong enough to hold heaps of fillings. Wheat proteins are an exceptional choice when enhancing the processing and textural attributes of tortillas.

 

What functional benefits do Manildra’s GemPro proteins bring to tortillas?

To determine functional similarities and differences between wheat proteins, a standard tortilla formulation was used, evaluating three different wheat proteins for impact on dough rheology, processing, and 21-day shelf-life quality.

Each variable was tested at 1% Bakers percentage in a flour tortilla dough with varying mix times.  The variables were tested at mix times of 5 minutes, 6 minutes, and 7 minutes.

The spread index was calculated by dividing the diameter by the height, averaging for six tortillas. Wheat proteins improved spread, especially when mix times were optimized. This direct comparison indicates that wheat protein can be used to improve press and sheeting qualities in tortilla dough.

The Perten TVT Texture Analyzer was used to analyze the tortillas with the standardized tortilla texture method from AIB. Texture data indicates the optimum mix time for each protein is slightly different. While the control required an optimum mix time of seven minutes, the GemPro Extend and GemPro 3300 required slightly shorter mix time, at 6 and 5 respectively. The larger drop in force over time by the vital wheat gluten indicates it may have not been mixed enough, even at 7 minutes. GemPro Extend maintains a texture most similar to day one on day 21 as compared to the other proteins.

 

After evaluating both the tortilla dough and final products is was determined that Manildra proteins assist with maintaining product rollability and strength over time.  The data showed that while the control tortillas tore easily and folded instead of rolled at the end of the 21 days, the tortillas containing Manildra proteins, still had the ability to roll and showed resistance to tearing. 

Protein fortification prevents the tortillas from drying out which allows them to maintain strength throughout their shelf-life. GemPro Extend nicely balanced the need for extensibility in processing, while maintaining the moisture retention and rollability through out shelf life.

For more information on these results or other information on GemPro Wheat proteins contact our R&D team today. 


Optimized Gluten for Flatbread

Extensible Gluten, Optimized for Flatbreads and other Sheeted Products

Mature and consistent categories such as flatbreads, pizza crusts, and crackers are undergoing exciting innovation in response to the push for products that are clean label, made with whole grains, unique, and nutritious.  Adding whole grains or innovative ingredients to lean formulas like flatbreads and pizza crusts has the potential to negatively impact the product as it progresses down the processing line.  Manildra’s GemPro Extend is available to not only act as a protein source but to provide both extensibility and strength to minimize such negative effects.    

The addition of inclusions or whole grains can disrupt the protein network of the dough, causing it to become difficult during production at either the moulder or sheeter, for example.  GemPro Extend offers the protein boost to maintain the necessary dough structure but with the added benefit of extensibility.  It will help to minimize tears during sheeting and retain product shape after baking.

Our applications team has observed GemPro Extend’s abilities to perform in all types of dough products but specifically within the three categories mentioned previously: flatbreads, pizza crusts, and crackers. To see benefits, it is recommended to use GemPro Extend at levels of 1-2% relative to the flour weight though the percentage can be increased if looking to develop a high protein product or include large numbers of whole kernels or other inclusions.  GemPro Extend has proven itself to work well in both fresh and frozen dough applications

To learn more about the benefits and uses of GemPro Extend, contact info@manildrausa.com for more information including the full technical report produced by our applications team.  Collaboration is key so let us help you find the solution you’re searching for.


Proteins that whip for cakes and muffins

Blueberry muffins, banana walnut muffins, chocolate chip muffins. Muffins are such a terrific, healthy, on-the-go breakfast solution with endless flavor opportunities. Adding protein to muffins is a simple way to provide a little more oomph and staying power (read: satiety) to this breakfast option. 

Adding protein to a muffin might seem like you would be destined to have a dense, gummy texture. Nothing like the tender, moist, flavorful muffins of your dreams. If you are looking for a way to make a high protein muffin with great texture and appearance you have to try GemPro 3300.

You don’t have to sacrifice texture. Wheat protein is the best friend of great texture!

GemPro 3300 contains 90% protein. Incorporating GemPro 3300 at nearly equal parts flour means these delicious bites contain 8g of protein per 50g serving (3 mini muffins).  16% of this muffin is pure protein power!

GemPro 3300 is the ideal protein for this application due to its unique ability to whip during mixing.  

Cakes and other similar baked goods rely on batter aeration to create the light and fluffy structure that yields a soft and tender bite in the finished product.  While other proteins could easily weigh down the delicate structure of a cake, GemPro 3300’s unique whipping ability has the opposite effect.  It aerates with the batter, weaving itself into the structure, providing the balance of strength and tenderness.  

GemPro 3300 is our go to ingredient to boost protein while still provide that critical role wheat protein (as opposed to GemPro Ultra which can boost protein with less functional power, Check it out too!). Whether adding protein to pancakes, breads or muffins GemPro 3300 is going to give to that texture you have been dreaming of.

If you want to receive this formula or starter formulas for other high protein products reach out to our R&D team. We are here to help!

 


The Simplicity of Gluten

The beauty of gluten is in its simplicity.

Vital wheat gluten is a simple, clean protein produced by physical separation. The same network we rely on for strength and structure in baked goods is the network we rely on to separate flour into starch and gluten. Flour is wetted and mixed to development. The gluten network develops and binds together, and the starch is easily washed away. You can you do this on your own. Take a good quality flour and mix it to development. Place it in water to rest, then knead the starch out. Run water over the dough piece for better purification. What you are holding is fresh gluten. To make vital wheat gluten, the protein - similar to that glutinous dough ball you just made - is then gently dried.

A clean, simple process for a highly effective protein.

Taking it a step further, GemPro HPG is vital wheat gluten with an even more concentrated protein. Prior to drying, the protein undergoes even more washing and pressing to remove additional starch.

Still, a clean, simple process for a highly effective protein.

Gluten is known to build structure and volume in bakery applications, improving tolerance in high speed commercial bakeries. But this unique protein we find in wheat is also a great binder, adds protein, and holds high amounts on water. When boosting overall protein with other protein sources you can use wheat protein to restore that preferred texture and structure.

From pancakes to bread, wheat protein is an ideal clean label ingredient for optimizing texture: providing sponginess and resiliency in batter applications to volume and strength in doughs.

Clean label isn’t limited to bakery. Vital wheat gluten and wheat protein isolates, like GemPro HPG, are excellent for alternative meat products.  The binding properties, chewy bite, structure, and texture make it the best original plant protein.

When you are looking to boost protein, get clean label strength in your dough, or modify the texture of your product think back to the beauty and simplicity of gluten.


Wheat Proteins for Texture

Texture. Nutrition. Rheology.

No two baked products are the same, and similarly neither are two wheat protein isolates.  Each one unique in its design and purpose.  This allows for greater flexibility and manipulation within the product formulation to achieve the desired characteristics.  

Five of Manildra’s GemPro Proteins were tested in a sweet biscuit formula, at 1% Bakers percentage, to evaluate the protein’s impact on processing, texture, and mouthfeel. 

Wheat protein can influence both process and finished product attributes, therefore the balance of the two can guide the decision between proteins. The following chart relates the tested protein to it’s effect on dough extensibility and final product texture.

GemPro Protein Dough Extensibility Product Texture
Gem of the West Less extensibility Firm bite
GemPro Extend More extensibility Firm bite
GemPro 4400 Low impact on extensibility Low impact on bite
GemPro 3300 Low impact on extensibility Soft bite
GemPro Ultra More extensibility Soft bite

The choice of protein impacts the degree of hardness or softness desired in the final product.  The protein’s degree of solubility and elasticity can be used to predict final product characteristics.  The most elastic protein in this test, Gem of the West Vital Wheat Gluten, produced a biscuit with a firm texture while on the opposite end the biscuit made with GemPro Ultra had a soft bite and texture.  This is also shown in texture analysis.  The biscuit textures were analyzed on Day 1 and Day 4 to monitor the change over time.  Gem of the West had the highest force values confirming the qualitative data collected during tasting.  GemPro Ultra and GemPro 4400 had the softest force values which also matches the eating characteristics associated with those biscuits.  We also found that Vital Wheat Gluten restricted biscuit spread while GemPro Extend, GemPro 3300, and GemPro 4400 allowed for greater spread while maintaining good stack height.

The more elastic the protein,the more rigid the biscuit. And the more soluble the protein, the softer the biscuit.

Whether you are developing new products or optimizing current formulas, wheat proteins can help reach the targeted texture.

Similar results have been found across an array of applications. Stay tuned for our bi-weekly posts and sign up for our blog newsletter to learn how wheat proteins benefit crackers, cakes, pasta, and more.